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Laurie Buchanan on Character Redemption Arcs

Laurie Buchanan is the author of the Sean McPherson series of thrillers. You can find out more about her on her website, or by clicking here, read her latest post here, and buy her books here.

In fiction books, redemption arcs are tied to a character—the protagonist, antagonist, or even a secondary character—and vary by the author’s intention, genre, plot, and characters.

The dictionary defines redemption as “An act of redeeming or atoning for a fault or mistake.” In the definition, the word “act” implies action. Choices create action.

A redemption arc is when a character performs a heroic act that compensates for his previous wrongdoings or is redeemed by another character.

Is this always true? No. Experientially, readers know that there are exceptions.

Example of a Redemption Arc

Take Sean McPherson, for example. He’s the ex-cop turned PI protagonist in my Sean McPherson crime thriller novels. And while he hasn’t done anything wrong, he believes he’s responsible for his ex-partner’s death. Unfortunately, this belief has taken on the form and extensive weight of survivor’s guilt that tends to color his decisions—sometimes positively, sometimes negatively.

Readers ask if Sean McPherson is afraid of anything. Yes, he’s scared of failing others. Having experienced the horrific consequences of a violent crime (the one responsible for killing his partner), McPherson doesn’t want anyone else to suffer similarly. Instead, he wants to make the world a better place and protect people before they even know there’s a threat.

McPherson’s greatest weakness and strength are the same—his humanity and empathy. These make him willing to fight fiercely for justice for others.

I leverage McPherson’s fear, strength, and weakness time and again throughout the storyline. Why? Because opening him to great pain and sorrow is the perfect catalyst for an arc.

The redemptive act can be external, internal, big, or small. The repercussion is that the action performed by the character helps make up for what s/he did (or believes they did) in the past. 

Redeeming an antagonist

Arc of the Castle in Trakai City near the Capital of Lithuania

Now let’s flip it.

The protagonist can extend a redemption arc to the antagonist. Will they accept or reject it? Will it work? That depends on how well you know your characters.

Character Bibles

I maintain a “Character Bible” detailing each character: Their backstory. What makes them tick. Their personality type. Their strengths and weaknesses (physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual). This information informs me if they’re the type who will work to redeem themselves or accept redemption from another character.

At the beginning of each scene, I reveal the character’s this-point-in-the-story goal. Then I create tension by introducing something (a person, place, thing, event, or opportunity) that opposes or obstructs their redemption.

This is where I can leverage a character’s weakness. It might be physical, mental, emotional, spiritual, or a combination thereof. Does s/he go too far for those s/he loves? Does s/he allow themself to be held hostage by the opinion of others? Does the character recognize their weakness, or are they blind to it? If they’re aware, do they take action to change it? Or do they remain unaware, thus unable to work for redemption?

Does my character react (kneejerk) or respond (thoughtful) when an obstacle is introduced? The answer’s worth the price of admission because it reveals the character’s true colors—the good, the bad, and the ugly.

Why Redemption Arcs

Redemption arcs are necessary because they offer hope to readers—sometimes even long after the last page is turned. One of my favorite redemption arcs is from Anthony Doerr’s Pulitzer Prize-winning All the Light We Cannot See.

The story takes place against the backdrop of World War II when a blind French girl, Marie-Laure LeBlanc, is charged with protecting a prized blue diamond that the Nazis want. A German orphan, Werner Pfennig, works for the Nazis but is repulsed by their cruelty. Pfennig and his cohorts find LeBlanc and the diamond. But to seek forgiveness for the Nazis’ acts, he doesn’t let the diamond be taken or LeBlanc be killed.

Redemption arcs aren’t one-size-fits-all. Instead, they’re unique to the storyline and characters. Readers love to love characters and love to hate characters. A well-written redemption arc goes a long way toward satisfying their desires.

Laurie Buchanan

Laurie Buchanan is the author of Note to Self: A Seven-Step Path to Gratitude and Growth, and The Business of Being: Soul Purpose In and Out of the Workplace. You can find out more about her on her website,, or follow her on Twitter, Facebook, or Instagram.

This Post Has 16 Comments

  1. Avatar

    Having lived in St. Louis, I love your choice of photos to illustrate the character arc! And I agree that Sean McPherson’s character arc is perfectly plotted in each of your books. In my own writing, map out characters, rather than plots. Once I know my characters inside and out, I can turn them loose and watch how they redeem themselves, or not.

    1. Laurie Buchanan
      Laurie Buchanan

      Saralyn — I love reading your page-turning books for that very reason!

    1. Laurie Buchanan
      Laurie Buchanan

      Jacqueline — Thank you for stopping by and reading the post. I’m glad you enjoyed it.

  2. Sherrill Joseph
    Sherrill Joseph

    Laurie, your books’ redemptive arcs are well thought out and one reason why I enjoy your stories! Thanks for sharing this.

  3. Christine DeSmet
    Christine DeSmet

    Your lists throughout this blog of things to know about each character are useful. I’ll be sharing this far and wide for readers and writers. The redemption arc is not talked about enough in workshops; arcs are talked about, but redemption is another more nuanced layering for things. Thank you for this post!

  4. Laurie Buchanan
    Laurie Buchanan

    Christine — I learned from one of the best (wink, wink)!

  5. Tracey Phillips
    Tracey Phillips

    Wonderful post, Laurie! I love how you explained redemption arcs and how important it is to know how your character responds to “obstacles.” You learned from the best -and that’s why your books are so good! Now I’m learning from you! Spreadin’ the love. I’ll be sure to share.

  6. Laurie Buchanan
    Laurie Buchanan

    Tracey — It’s always a good day when we share good stuff. Thank you!

  7. Avatar
    Avanti Centrae

    I’m working on a story of forgiveness and redemption, so thanks for the timely reminder!

  8. Sharon Lynn
    Sharon Lynn

    As I love architecture, your photos caught my eye right away! Great tips for character development, Laurie!

  9. joyribar

    Thank you for an interesting, provocative post, Laurie. I am inspired to create scene goals for my characters in my own writing outlines, after reading about your character Bible. Sean’s character works so well for the redemption arc, with all of his angst. I’m hoping for peaceful resolution soon for this man.

    1. Laurie Buchanan
      Laurie Buchanan

      Joy — I’d be lost (and so would my characters) without my Character Bible. I’m glad you enjoyed this post. Thank you for letting me know.

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